Wild Animal Facts



Beavers are large mammals with dark, chestnut, brown fur. Their flat, trowel shaped, scaled tail is used as a rudder during swimming, prop when cutting down trees, and a way to signal danger to other beavers by slapping it on the surface of the water. Their large, webbed, hind feet are used for swimming. Their ears, nose, eyes and lungs are adapted so that beavers can stay under water for 10 to 15 minutes.

Fun Facts

  • Breeding Period: February – March

  • Gestation Period: 128 days

  • Litter Size: 2 – 6 kittens

  • Adult weight: 30 – 70 lbs

  • Adult height: 25 – 30 in

  • Food: Bark and twigs of softwood trees like aspen, poplar, birch, willow, maple, cottonwood, and alder and aquatic and marsh plants

  • North America’s largest rodent

Habitat & Habits

Beavers will use any means to adapt their environment to their liking. They live in colonies of up to twelve. The colony will build lodges for raising young, sleeping and food storage. Dams are constructed to hold back water, so they have a deep pole to keep them safe from predators such as coyotes, wolves and bears. On large rivers and lakes beavers may not build dams at all. The number and size of dams are no indication of the number of animals, since a single beaver may construct several dams under certain conditions.

Common Problems

Beavers can become a nuisance when they dam up streams or plug up culverts, causing water to back-up flooding basements, driveways, roads, and fields. Beavers are well known for cutting down trees, which may fall on roads, homes, or utility lines. Under some conditions a beaver may cut down 200-300 trees per year. Beavers will damage ornamenal and shade trees or shrubs as well.


Brown Bats

The brown bat’s name symbolizes its appearance. It has dark brown fur with grayish undertones. The wings are also dark brown. The little brown bat is the most abundant in the Ohio region with the big brown bat being second.

Fun Facts

  • Breeding Period: September – October

  • Gestation Period: 50 – 60 days

  • Adult Length: 4.6 – 5.6 inches

  • Adult Weight: .19oz - .34oz

  • Wingspan: 8 – 11 inches

  • Food: Insects- moths, leaf hoppers, and plant hoppers

Habitat & Habits

Like most bats, the little brown bat is nocturnal. There are two main types of habitats: hibernation and roosting sites. These bats migrate to the caves of Southern Ohio for hibernation periods. During the summer roosting season, bats move to trees or other man-made structures (aka: attics, sliding, chimney, etc.) to reproduce.

Common Problems

Bats who take shelter in your home bring hazardous conditions with them. Their defecation called guano is poisonous and hazardous to humans. If you do have bats in your home, it is important to hire a wildlife removal specialist to remove the animal and their waste to prevent further exposure to these harmful elements. 



Chipmunks are small rodents characterized by their reddish-brown color and black stripes down their backs.  They have pouched cheeks used for storing and carrying food. 

Fun Facts

  • Breeding Period: February – April & June - August

  • Litter Size: 2-5 pups

  • Gestation period: 31 days

  • Life Span: 3 years

  • Food: Omnivore diet including seeds, fruits, nuts, meat, eggs, insects, and bulbs

Habitat & Habits

Chipmunks’ live in forests and brushy areas, where they burrow shallow homes in the ground.  These burrows can be identified by 3 to 4 inch holes and are commonly concealed by leaves or rocks.

Common Problems

Chipmunks burrow under sidewalks, driveways and into drain pipes, which can cause cracking and erosion problems.



Coyotes are the size of a medium-sized dog with a slender, muscular body. They are mostly gray with a bushy tail tipped with black fur.

Fun Facts

  • Breeding Period: January – March

  • Gestation Period: 63 days

  • Litter Size: 1 – 12 pups

  • Life Span: Approximately 10 – 12 years

  • Adult weight: 20 – 50 lb.

  • Adult height: 1.5 – 2 ft.

  • Food: Omnivorous, small mammals, vegetables, nuts, and carrion. 

Habitat & Habits

Although traditionally coyotes lived in open areas, but in Ohio they prefer farmland with wooden lands. Coyotes nocturnal creatures, so they are most active at night and during early morning hours, especially near humans.

Common Problems

Coyotes at times will attack and kill small pets like cats and small dogs and can severely injure even large dogs.



The Canadian goose is a large gray-bodied bird with a black head and long black neck, with a white cheek and throat patch.

Fun Facts

  • Breeding Period: March – June

  • Incubation Period: 23 – 30 days

  • Clutch Size: 2 – 9 eggs

  • Food: plant matter and aquatic invertebrates

Habitat & Habits

Canadian geese establish their nesting grounds around lakes, ponds, and small rivers, whether it is around a pond in the country, on a golf course, or in your backyard. In fact, if left undisturbed they will establish nesting grounds on any suitable lake or pond. The males will aggressively protect and guard their nests and their territory around them.

Common Problems

A pair of geese can multiply into 50 birds within a couple years. Their feces will cause an unpleasant odor and destroy the grass and vegetation on and around the pond. The more these birds are exposed to humans the more likely they are to attack pets and small children, especially during nesting season. Therefore, it is important to prohibit people from feeding the geese and employ wildlife specialists to remove the birds.

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